Alternative Food Networks – the Case of CSA in Norway

| Type artikkel: Masteravhandling
Community-supported agriculture (CSA) is an alternative food network (AFN) connecting producers and consumers, while also providing possibilities for consumers to be directly involved with food production. This study explores AFNs, exemplified with CSA in Norway, regarding how they strive to tackle some of the negative consequences of the agro-industrial food system (such as negative externalities on the environmental and primary producers, and the distances between consumers and processes of food production).


Irene Moe




Faculty of Landscape and Society NMBU

In this study, the Norwegian CSA principles are discussed through a theoretical assessment as regards to how these principles address the possible negative externalities. In addition, Norwegian CSA producers of selected CSAs in the South-Eastern part of the country, are interviewed about operational challenges and opportunities, and how they connect people with food production. The findings imply that CSA operations (CSAs) have the potential to reduce negative externalities of the agro-industrial food system in different ways. The challenges between consumer- and farmer-driven CSAs differ to some extent, and there generally seems to be room for more members involved. The CSAs are context specific, and there are various ways they involve people, both regarding those directly involved with the CSA (e.g. through volunteer/mandatory work, harvesting and events) and indirect ripple-effects on the broader community (e.g. on schools and through social inclusion). CSAs could benefit from receiving more public attention and support regarding possibilities to reduce negative environmental externalities, how they can act as learning arenas, how they can provide primary producers (especially vegetable producers) with stable incomes and have positive health impacts on those involved.


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