Interviews with stakeholders of the seed system, with farmers and project leaders impacted by this change and with key informant on the regulation, from NGOs and public authorities, have been done to collect. Inductive and deductive analysis methods enabled the themes and opinions of the interviewee to be extracted. Dialogue and lobby at decentralized scale appeared to have helped the implementation of the reform, thanks to the inclusion of the narrative for cultivated biodiversity conservation in the decision system. The reform created supportive framework for seed exchange between farmers and between gardeners, for the commercial and the non-commercial use of landraces and framed innovative seed system model, based on other trust building strategies. The new regulatory framework mainly decriminalized already implementing practices, but the lack of public support to the framed practices are hindering the creation of more positive effects. Nevertheless, Denmark has now one of the most tolerant legislation for seed trade and landrace cultivation, creating many ‘sidetrack’ next to the ‘highway’ of the formal seed system and proves that decentralization and liberalization of seeds regulations is possible.
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