Stikkord: agroøkologi

Towards pesticide-free farming? Sharing needs and knowledge promotes Integrated Pest Management

| Type artikkel: Publisert studie

Kategori: Agroøkologi, Plantevern og plantehelse

The overuse of chemical pesticides led to the fast-growing development of resistance in targeted insect pests, as well as to severe effects on non-target organisms and human health as well (Desneux et al. 2007; Benelli 2015, 2018a,b; Naqqash et al. 2016; Pavela and Benelli 2016; Guedes et al. 2016). In plant protection, a number of eco-friendly methods to manage insect pest populations have been developed with the aim to reduce the employ of synthetic pesticides (Gut et al. 2004; Millar 2007; Welter et al. 2005; Witzgall et al. 2010; Brockerhoff et al. 2012; Daane et al. 2012; Miller and Gut 2015).

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Design, implementation and management of perennial flower strips to promote functional agrobiodiversity in organic apple orchards: A pan-European study

Orchards, as intensive cropping systems, often have low diversity of plant species, which limits the promotion of natural enemies for pest control. The implementation of agri-environmental schemes, such as flower strips, could enhance biological control. We developed perennial, multifunctional flower strips with native plant species.

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Examining multi-functionality for crop yield and ecosystem services in five systems of agroecological intensification

| Type artikkel: Publisert studie

Kategori: Agroøkologi, Presisjonsjordbruk, Økologisk landbruk

Agroecological intensification (AEI) integrates ecological principles and biodiversity management into farming systems with the aims of increasing farm productivity, reducing dependency on external inputs, and sustaining or enhancing ecosystem services. This review develops an analytic framework to characterize the fulfilment of these objectives by documenting the co-occurrence of positive, neutral, and negative outcomes for crop yield and nine regulating ecosystem services.

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Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT– Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems

Food systems have the potential to nurture human health and support environmental sustainability; however, they are currently threatening both. Providing a growing global population with healthy diets from sustainable food systems is an immediate challenge. Although global food production of calories has kept pace with population growth, more than 820 million people have insufficient food and many more consume low-quality diets that cause micronutrient deficiencies and contribute to a substantial rise in the incidence of diet-related obesity and diet-related non-communicable diseases, including coronary heart disease, stroke, and diabetes.

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Organic-PLUS

| Type artikkel: Forskningsprosjekt

Kategori: Agroøkologi, Klima og miljø, Økologisk landbruk

The Organic-PLUS (O+) project has the overall aim of providing high quality, trans-disciplinary, scientifically informed decision support to help all actors in the organic sector, including national and regional policy makers, to reach the next level of the organic success story in Europe. By doing so, organic food systems can be more true to organic principles but equally to the EU Bio-economy agenda.

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Transitions to Agroecological Systems: Farmers’ Viewpoints

| Type artikkel: Publisert studie

Kategori: Agroøkologi, Produksjonsmetoder, Samfunnsutvikling

We report a social science study of farmers’ experience of transition towards agroecological approaches in the UK with the aims to (i) identify motivations, challenges and opportunities encountered, together with the perceived benefits and disadvantages associated with the transition and (ii) gain an understanding of individuals’ trajectories in context, including social, economic, biophysical, cultural and psychological dimensions.

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Norwegian Short Food Supply Chain Development

| Type artikkel: Masteravhandling

Kategori: Agroøkologi, Distribusjon og salg, Økonomi

Agro-food systems around the globe are consolidating and homogenizing. In response, they are also segmenting and diversifying. The emerging agro-food networks fit into what scholars describe as economic and rural development paradigm shifts, partly in response to many clarion calls within academia and civil society for change in agro-food system priorities.

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