Stikkord: nitrogenfiksering

Tindved – en vekst for fremtiden?

| Type artikkel: Rapport

Kategori: Bær, Matplanter

Tindved (Hippophae ramnoides L.) er en sterkt grenet, tornet busk hjemmehørende i tempererte regioner av Europa og Asia som produserer næringsrike orange/gule frukter. Den har viktige funksjoner som næringskilde og som jordforbedrer. Fruktene inneholder høye konsentrasjoner av blant annet karbohydrater, proteiner, organiske syrer, aminosyrer og vitaminer med viktig kommersiell verdi. Tindved er en nitrogen-fikserende plante med et omfattende rotsystem og begge disse egenskaper gjører at planten blir brukt til planting i næringsfattig jord og ustabil grunn, og som pionerart i degradert jord.

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PRINCIPLES FOR HIGH FUNCTIONING SOILS

Soil health is the continued capacity of a soil to function as a vital, living ecosystem that sustains plants, animals, and humans. Only living things can have “health,” so viewing soil as a living, breathing ecosystem reflects a shift in the way we view and manage our nation’s soils. Soil isn’t an inert growing medium, but rather is the home of billions of bacteria, fungi, and other organisms that together create an intricate symbiotic ecosystem. This ecosystem can be managed to support plants and animals, by cycling nutrients, absorbing, draining and retaining rainwater and snowmelt for use during dry periods, filtering and buffering water to remove potential pollutants, and providing habitat for the soil biological population to flourish and diversify to keep the ecosystem functioning well.

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Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

The 13th edition of the Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture includes 14 articles of EUROLEGUME's scientific research in its 'In Focus' section.
In addition to the 14 articles, the 'In Focus' starts off with an editorial on 'Enhancing legume growing through sustainable cropping for protein supply' and a review on 'Cowpea: a legume crop for a challenging environment'.

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Legumes for mitigation of climate change and the provision of feedstock for biofuels and biorefineries. A review

Humans are currently confronted by many global challenges. These include achieving food security for a rapidly expanding population, lowering the risk of climate change by reducing the net release of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere due to human activity, and meeting the increasing demand for energy in the face of dwindling reserves of fossil energy and uncertainties about future reliability of supply. Legumes deliver several important services to societies. They provide important sources of oil, fiber, and protein-rich food and feed while supplying nitrogen (N) to agro-ecosystems via their unique ability to fix atmospheric N2 in symbiosis with the soil bacteria rhizobia, increasing soil carbon content, and stimulating the productivity of the crops that follow. However, the role of legumes has rarely been considered in the context of their potential to contribute to the mitigation of climate change by reducing fossil fuel use or by providing feedstock for the emerging biobased economies where fossil sources of energy and industrial raw materials are replaced in part by sustainable and renewable biomass resources.

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Belgvekster og rhizobier i Søretiopia; utnyttelse av mikrosymbionten for et bærekraftig jordbruk 2007-2012

I dette prosjektet planlegger vi å undersøke uutforskede ressurser innenfor biologisk mangfold  og utvikle en innovativ utnyttelse av belgfrukter og deres plantevekstfremmende bakterier i bærekraftig jordbruk der bønder vil bli introdusert for nye måter å øke produksjonen.

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