J. J. Steffan E. C. Brevik L. C. Burgess A. Cerdà
National Science Foundation. Grant Number: IIA‐1355466
There are also many locations where various elements or chemical compounds are found in soil at toxic levels because of either natural conditions or anthropogenic activities. The soils of urban environments have received increased attention in the last few years, and they too pose a number of human health questions and challenges. Concepts such as soil security may provide a framework within which issues on soil and human health can be investigated using interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary approaches. It will take the contributions of experts in several different scientific, medical and social science fields to address fully soil and human health issues. Although much progress was made in understanding links between soil and human health over the last century, there is still much that we do not know about the complex interactions between them. Therefore, there is still a considerable need for research in this important area.
Soil is important to human health.
Effects can be positive or negative, direct or indirect.
Advances have been made in recent years.
Inter‐ and trans‐disciplinary research is needed.