| Type artikkel: Rapport
Climate change affects our entire planet, including Europe. It is a phenomenon that is closely linked to rising Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and that is already having visible detrimental effects on human activities, such as farming. The climate will keep on changing and temperatures will keep on rising, which leaves us with the questions: how does climate change affect our food supply, how do food systems affect climate change, and what can we do about it?
The impact of climate change on farming: Agriculture is a sector that both contributes to climate change and is deeply impacted by its adverse effects. More frequent heat waves, droughts, heavy precipitation, and increased pest and disease pressure can lead to harvest losses, irredeemable damage to natural resources, and the destruction of farmers’ economic viability. Insufficient quantity and quality of food also directly impacts all EU citizens in their role of consumers. It is therefore essential to find solutions that will contribute to greater climate change mitigation and the adaptation capacity of food and farming actors, especially farmers. The impact of farming on climate change: The European Union (EU) has committed to reduce its GHG emissions by 40% by 2030. Officially, the agriculture sector accounts for around 10% of EU’s GHG emissions, mainly from methane of ruminants’ digestion, manure management, and nitrous oxide from fertilised soils. In reality, direct and indirect emissions from the farming and food sectors, such as production, processing, distribution, storage, consumption, and food waste, range between 30-50% of global GHG emissions when considering deforestation linked to feed production and imports, or GHG emissions associated with the production of synthetic fertilisers, etc. Thus, it is crucial to consider the wider picture to fully understand the impact of food and farming systems on climate change. Solutions for climate change mitigation and adaptation for farming: A systemic approach is essential to reducing GHG emissions linked to food production and consumption while ensuring farmers’ adaptation and avoiding negative effects of farming, such as biodiversity loss. A systemic approach will also bring us closer to reaching global objectives for a more liveable planet, such as the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), especially regarding the restoration of ecosystem services. Long-term strategies are needed to meet EU targets and fulfil the Paris Agreement regarding climate change mitigation. At the same time, EU policies need to support climate-friendly farming systems through a reformed Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) that rewards farmers for providing public goods, such as clean water and healthy soils. SOLMACC (Strategies for Organic and Low-Input Farming to Mitigate and Adapt to Climate Change) is a project that stemmed from the need to address climate change holistically within the food and farming sectors and to ensure policy support for actors involved. During its five years of implementation, the project demonstrated the great potential of innovative and viable farming practices to contribute to achieving EU’s objectives regarding climate change. This report sets out to summarize SOLMACC’s activities and results achieved between 2013 and 2018, while inspiring readers to consider the manifold solutions available to tackle climate change in Europe and beyond.   Se rapport under "relevante dokumenter".