Multi-purpose project One purpose of this project has been to test adequate methods for collecting data on food losses and waste from primary producers in the Nordic countries. Another purpose was to estimate the amount of food losses and waste in primary production in the Nordic Countries. In order to collect data and quantify food losses and waste in primary production it was necessary to work on these definitions or possibly introduce new, more useful terms. Thus this project involved defining terms, developing methodologies and quantifying data. Holistic approach to primary production This project was focused on primary production in the Nordic countries of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. To create a comprehensive picture of food losses and waste in primary production, we conducted a literature study and several case studies. For the methodology development we focused on seven -products to study: carrot, onion, wheat, rye, green peas, field peas and farmed rainbow trout/char. Primary production in this context refers to the production of agricultural and horticultural products as well as wild berries, wild game, fishery and aquaculture. In order to get a more holistic picture of the primary production sector we also measured losses that occur during animal rearing. An even more holistic approach would also include the growth phases of plants, but due to limited resources we chose to exclude that.