Preventing and remediating degradation of soils in Europe through Land Care

| Type artikkel: Rapport
Soils in the European Union are an essential yet often undervalued and degraded resource. Soils deliver numerous important functions and ecosystem services, including, for example, water and nutrient cycling, biomass and food production, or habitats for species. At the same time, soils are affected by a range of degradation processes, in particular: erosion, floods and landslides, loss of soil organic matter, salinisation, contamination, compaction, sealing, and loss of soil biodiversity (COM 2006).
The RECARE project aims to develop effective prevention, remediation and restoration measures using an innovative trans-disciplinary approach, actively integrating and advancing knowledge of stakeholders and scientists in 17 case studies, covering a range of soil threats in different bio-physical and socio-economic environments across Europe. In the RECARE case studies the following activities have been or are taking place:
  •   The current state of degradation and conservation has been assessed using a new methodology, based on the WOCAT mapping procedure,
  •   The relevant soil conservation measures and policy approaches in case studies have been identified, using WOCAT questionnaires
  •   Impacts of degradation and conservation on soil functions and ecosystem services will be quantified in a harmonised, spatially explicit way, accounting for costs and benefits, and possible trade-offs,
  •   Prevention, remediation and restoration measures that have been selected and are being implemented / tested will be evaluated regarding efficacy by stakeholders in a participatory process, and
  •   The applicability and impact of these RECARE measures at the European level will be assessed using a new integrated bio-physical and socio-economic model, accounting for land use dynamics as a result of for instance economic development and policies.